Cite as: doi:10.26081/K68D27

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Recently Leutheusser and Liu identified an emergent algebra of Type III_1
in the operator algebra of N=4 super Yang-Mills theory for large N.
Here we describe some 1/N corrections to this picture and show that the
emergent Type III_1 algebra becomes an algebra of Type II_infty. The
Type II_infty algebra is the crossed product of the Type III_1 algebra
by its modular automorphism group. In the context of the emergent Type
II_infty algebra, the entropy of a black hole state is well-defined up
to an additive constant, independent of the state.
This is somewhat analogous to entropy in classical physics.
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