Schedule Oct 03, 2008
HI in Local Group Dwarfs and Stripping by the Galactic Halo
Jana Grcevich (Univ. Michigan)

We examine the HI content and environment of all of the Local Group dwarf galaxies (M_tot < 10^10 M_Solar), including the numerous newly discovered satellites of the Milky Way and M31. All of the new dwarfs, with the exception of Leo T, have no detected HI. The majority of dwarf galaxies within ~270 kpc of the Milky Way or Andromeda are undetected in HI (< 10^4 Msun for Milky Way dwarfs), while those further than ~270 kpc are predominantly detected with masses 10^5 to 10^8 M_Solar. Analytical ram-pressure arguments combined with velocities obtained via proper motion studies allow for an estimate of the halo density of the Milky Way at several distances.

This halo density is constrained to be greater than 2-3 x 10^-4 cm^-3 out to distances of ~70-120 kpc. This is broadly consistent with theoretical models of the diffuse gas in a Milky Way-like halo and is consistent with this component hosting a large fraction of a galaxy's baryons. The gas-less dwarf galaxies would have provided at most 6 x 10^8 M_Solar of HI gas to the Milky Way, which suggests that most of our Galaxy's star formation fuel does not come from accreted small satellites in the current era.

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